The following table lists events of significance to our study of the book of Daniel and was gathered during the author’s background study of the book of Daniel. reign is referenced to and agrees with the Babylonian Chronicles’ account and not the Hebrew as found in 2K. While the analysis of these texts is complicated, it should be noted that the only way all of them can be brought into harmony with each other is if Jerusalem fell in 587 B. Most importantly, the information supplied in Ezek undercuts the theory of those who hold that Jerusalem fell in 586 B. Since Ezekiel had his vision of the temple on the twenty-fifth anniversary of his and Jehoiachin’s captivity (28 April 573), and since this was the fourteenth year after Jerusalem’s fall, the city must have fallen eleven years after the captivity. Any attempt to date the fall of Jerusalem earlier than 586 would call for an earlier date than 597 for Jehoiachin’s captivity; but that is not possible, for that date has been fixed by contemporary Babylonian evidence.”—Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, 191. This is in harmony with the usage of Judah throughout the monarchic period, in contrast to Thiele’s assumption that Jeremiah and Ezekiel used Nisan reckoning for Judah. It is, however, consistent with a date for the fall in the summer of 587 B. When work resumed, the temple was completed in a relatively short period. and the temple was still unfinished in the time of Darius (Ezra of September, 4004 B. If, as most researchers reckon, Christ Jesus were born in 4 B. His birth took place precisely 4000 years after Adam [4000 AM].”—Jones, Chronology of the Old Testament: A Return to Basics, 4th ed., 28.As can be seen, some dates are closely agreed upon, whereas others reflect a range of values. “That a specific date for the capture of Jerusalem is given [by the Babylonian Chronicle] (15/16 March 597 B. Jeremiah used non-accession years for the kings of Judah and for Nebuchadnezzar. “Under Sheshbazzar the foundations of the temple were laid, but opposition arose . A large Turkish military now stands on the Carchemish acropolis, and access to the site is now heavily restricted and is out of bounds to archaeological exploration. The Battle of Carchemish was fought in May/June of 606 BCE between an allied army of Egyptians and Assyrians against the Babylonian army.
Do you become a king because you He who dwells in this city will die by the sword and by famine and by pestilence; but he who goes out and falls away to the Chaldeans who are besieging you will live, and he will have his own life as booty." (Jeremiah 21:9) Archaeology is an important science that confirms the historical accuracy of the Bible.
Circa 609 BCE, the Egyptian army of Pharaoh Necho II was delayed at Megiddo (in Israel) by the forces of King Josiah of Judah. "After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by the Euphrates; and Josiah went out against him.
But he sent messengers to him, saying, 'What have I to do with you, king of Judah?
For information concerning the chronological structure of the book of Daniel, see Chronology of Daniel. Since Tyre’s schadenfreude could only have been expressed after the fall of Jerusalem and it had been ‘laid waste,’ Ezekiel’s oracle must have been delivered after 9 Tammuz 586 B. (July 18) according to the chronologies that hold that Jerusalem fell in 586 B. But the captivity of Ezekiel and Jehoiachin started in Adar of 597 B. C.”—Steinmann, From Abraham to Paul: A Biblical Chronology, 50, 136-137. C.”—Thiele, The Mysterious Numbers of the Hebrew Kings, 189. The date may have been given also to mark the accession of Mattaniah—Zedekiah (2K. “Jerusalem fell in the fourth month (Tammuz) of 587 BC. “The first deportation of Jews to Babylon was in 605 B. Work was begun on the temple in: 537 Anderson2[xii]; 536 Finegan; 535 Jones2; 537 MBA.
For information on various deportations associated with the Babylonian Captivity, see Deportations. “Although the Babylonian tablets dealing with the final fall and destruction of Jerusalem have not been found, it should be noticed that the testimony of Ezekiel is definitive in regard to the year 586. All sources which bear on the question—Jeremiah, Ezekiel, and 2 Kings—are consistent in dating the event in that year.”—Young, When Did Jerusalem Fall? “Jeremiah consistently used Tishri years for Judah, as did Ezekiel and the source for the last chapters of 2 Kings. Ezekiel’s statement that the year was both the 25th year of the captivity he shared with Jehoiachin and also 14 years after Jerusalem fell cannot be reconciled with a 586 date for the fall of the city. Opposition to the work delayed construction for more than a decade.