Certain categories of abuse, such as assault, sexual assault and criminal harassment (stalking) are crimes under the Criminal Code of Canada.
There are many different forms of abuse: A Supreme Court of Canada ruling handed down on January 30, 2004 upholds the "spanking laws" in Canada, but for the first time, the high court has issued guidelines that say spanking teenagers or children under age 2, hitting a child in the head, or using objects like belts or rulers are actions that go too far.
In a deeply split 6-3 decision, the court ruled yesterday the so-called "spanking" defence in Canadian law does not protect or excuse "outbursts of violence against a child motivated by anger or animated by frustration." Still, parents, their stand-in caregivers, and teachers may use reasonable force if it is for "educative or corrective purposes," Chief Justice Beverley Mc Lachlin wrote for the majority. "Criminal Justice Processing of Sexual Assault Cases," Juristat: Service Bulletin. Elder abuse may be defined as "any act of commission or omission that results in harm to an elderly person".
Out of the 4,476 women and 3,493 children staying in shelters on the snapshot date of April 16, 2014, 78% (or 3,491 women and 2,742 children) were there primarily because of abuse. Available:  Women and alcohol: Social Perspectives, Patsy Staddon, Policy Press, 2015. id=jk MMCg AAQBAJ&pg=PT87&lpg=PT87&dq=double standard about alcohol for women&source=bl&ots=Ko Ozsfduga&sig=cc RO08Zccm7Qiahs Gca T154u AK0&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ah UKEwj Jg ZX8uo XOAh XHp YMKHf Ak AT04Ch Do AQg9MAc#v=onepage&q=double standard about alcohol for women&f=false  Criminal Victimization in Canada, 2014, Statistics Canada.
Shelters for abused Women in Canada, 2014, Statistics Canada, calculation based on 201 children and 338 women (539 people total), 56% of whom were turned away from shelters already at capacity on the snapshot date of April 16, 2014. In a Shelter Voices 2016 snapshot survey, 305 women and children were turned away from shelters due to lack of capacity: Shelter Voices, Canadian Network of Women’s Shelters & Transition Houses, 2016, p.1. Available at: Gender Symmetry in Domestic Violence: A Substantive and Methodological Research Review, Michael S.
This fact sheet answers some frequently asked questions about violence against women in Canada, with a focus on domestic violence. In 2014, 67 women were killed by their intimate partners; this number divided by 365 days in the year comes out to 5.4.